Types of Eating Disorders
Eating disorder is one of the common conditions affecting most people. People suffering from eating difficulties tend to have irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. It is worth noting that eating difficulties can be harmful since they may involve inadequate or excessive food intake. In order to understand eating disorders, you first need to understand the different types of eating disorders. The following are the types of eating disorders that affect most people, they include Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. In addition, the condition can develop at any stage in life but typically appear during the teen years or young adulthood. Although the illness can be treated; patients need to ensure they find medical care at early stages.
People suffering from anorexia nervosa tend to have an obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Furthermore, the patients will try all they can to control the foods they take, and they tend to view themselves as overweight, even when they are clearly underweight. Some of the negative health effects associated with the illness include brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
The next eating disorder that you need to know about is Bulimia nervosa. This eating disorder is characterized by repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretic. The state makes patients fear weight gain something which will make them unhappy with their body size and shape. The following are some of the injuring effects of bulimia nervosa, they include gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
The other type of eating disorder that is affecting many people is binge which is a disorder characterized by frequent loss of eating. Unlike other eating disorder, this type of condition makes people have the urge of eating. People struggling with binge may also experience effects such as intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment related to their binge-eating.
The next step of understanding eating disorders involves understanding their causes. When one suffers from an eating disorder; the condition can be caused by some factors. Since there are many factors that cause eating disorders, the effects can be categorized into the following groups including biological, psychological, and/or environmental. It is believed that some of the biological factors that may affect one’s eating habits include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
It is worth noting that one may experience eating disorders due to psychological issues such as poor self-esteem and negative body image. In addition to psychological and biological cases of eating disorders, the conditions can be caused by environmental factors such as family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.